Friday, January 14, 2011

Lesson 6: 'You, I and We'


French has two different words for you: tu and vous. In English, the second person subject pronoun is always you.

In French, these distinctions are very important - you must understand when and why to use each of them. Otherwise, you may inadvertantly insult someone by using the wrong you.

Tu is the familiar you, which demonstrates a certain closeness and informality. Use tu when speaking to one
  • friend
  • peer / colleague
  • relative
  • child
  • pet
Vous is the formal you. It is used to show respect or maintain a certain distance or formality with someone. Use vous when speaking to
  • someone you don't know well
  • an authority figure
  • anyone to whom you wish to show respect
Vous is also the plural you - you have to use it when talking to more than one person, no matter how close you are.

Example :
  • familiar and singular: tu
  • Plural : vous
  • formal and singular: vous


tu और vous:

जैसे हिंदी मैं, वैसे ही फ्रेंच में भी, ये भेद बहुत महत्वपूर्ण हैं - अगर tu और vous इस्तमाल सही जगह नहीं किया गया तो आप अंजाने मैं किसी का अपमान कर सकते है.

tu का उपयोग उस व्यक्ति के लिए करें जिसके साथ आपका रिश्ता निकटता और अनौपचारिकता दर्शाता है. tu प्रयोग करें जब व्यक्ति
  • दोस्त हो
  • सहकर्मी / सहयोगी हो
  • रिश्तेदार हो
  • बच्चा हो

Vous का उपयोग औपचारिक है. इसका उपयोग सम्मान दिखाने या किसी के साथ औपचारिकता दिखने मैं होता है. vous कब बोलें?
  • किसी को आप अच्छी तरह नहीं जानतें
  • कोई प्रसिद्ध व्यक्ति हो
  • जिसे आप सम्मान दिखाना चाहते हैं
Vous का उपयोग बहुवचन के लिए भी किया जाता है - आप जब एक से अधिक व्यक्ति से बात करें तब उपयोग करें

  • परिचित और अनौपचारिकता :tu
  • बहुवचन : vous
  • औपचारिक और सम्मानजनक : vous


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